Imaging

Transoesophageal echocardiography perioperative guidelines
S Reeves (Charleston, USA) reviews the SCA/ASE 2014 Perioperative Transoesophageal Echocardiography Guidelines.
ECHO in Outpatients
C Royse (Melbourne, Australia) discusses the potential routine use of transthoracic echocardiography, as well as other ultrasound techniques, in preoperative assessment in the outpatient setting.
Transoesophageal echocardiography in the catheter lab
A Macnab (Manchester ,UK) shows a variety of cases from the catheter laboratory illustrated with echo imaging.
Transoesophageal echocardiography for ITU instability
M Bewsher (Manchester, UK) considers how TOE can help in the management of the postoperative unstable cardiac surgical patient.
Mitral valve echocardiographic assessment
J-L J Vanoverschelde (Brussels, Belgium) gives an overview of mitral valve assessment by echocardiography.
Transoesophageal echocardiography type I mitral regurgitation
S Ray (Manchester, UK) gives an overview of TOE use in assessing mitral regurgitation with normal leaflet motion.
Transoesophageal echocardiography type II mitral regurgitation
A Macnab (Manchester, UK) gives a detailed description of the desirable TOE views in the assessment of the mitral valve.
Transoesophageal echocardiography type III mitral regurgitation
J. Ender (Leipzig, Germany) considers functional restrictive mitral regurgitation, looking at mechanisms, measurements and therapeutic options.
Transoesophageal echocardiography of aortic stenosis during CABG
H Skinner (Nottingham, UK) discusses aortic stenosis guidelines, estimation of severity, and patient-prosthesis mismatch.
Paravalvular leak transoesophageal echocardiography
J Swanevelder (Leicester, UK) examines the assessment of intra-operative paravalvular leak.
TAVI & mitraclip transoesophageal echocardiography
A McNab (Manchester, UK) describes the role of echocardiography in pre-procedural assessment, peri-procedural support and post-procedural follow-up of transcatheter aortic valve implantation cases. The mitraclip system is also considered.
Aortic dissection transoesophageal echocardiography
M Bewsher (Manchester, UK) describes the echocardiography findings in acute aortic dissection.
Transoesophageal echocardiography of the right heart
A Denault (Montreal, Canada) discusses the use of TOE in right ventricular failure, considering RV anatomy and optimising the RV views.
Right ventricular preoperative assessment
M Seeberger (Basel, Switzerland) gives a detailed description of right ventricular preoperative imaging, with emphasis on extra TOE views to improve assessment.
Transoesophageal echocardiography of tricuspid valve: repair or not
J Bence (Leicester, UK) reviews the evidence for intervention on the tricuspid valve.
Tricuspid valve echocardiography
A Roscoe (Toronto, Canada) describes echocardiography techniques for viewing the tricuspid valve and predictors of repair failure.
Diastolic dysfunction transoesophageal echocardiography
M Patrick (Manchester, UK) reviews the echocardiographic assessment of diastolic function.
Intracardiac masses transoesophageal echocardiography
N Fletcher (London, UK) shows several examples of atrial myxoma and intra-cardiac thrombus.
Transoesophageal echocardiography in Mechanical Assist
J Ender (Leipzig, Germany) discusses the use of transoesophageal echocardiography in the setting of mechanical circulatory support.
Cerebral blood flow monitoring and autoregulation
H Grocott (Winnipeg, Canada) explains the physiology of cerebral blood flow, looking at options for measurement and interventions to improve flow.
Ultrasound-based approach to brain and somatic desaturation
A Denault (Montreal, Canada) describes in detail the current modalities available for cerebral monitoring.
Gaseous micro-emboli and perfusion monitoring
M Bennett (Plymouth, UK) considers how gaseous micro-emboli occur, what there effects might be, and how they might be prevented.
Lung ultrasound in critical care
F Guarracino (Pisa, Italy) explains how ultrasound can be used in the diagnosis of intra-thoracic diseases.
Intra-operative solitary pulmonary nodule imaging
H Isringhaus (Voelklingen, Germany) describes the use of intra-operative imaging techniques, including DynaCT, to aid resection of pulmonary nodules.