Aortic valve

Aortic valve functional unit
M Redmond (Dublin, UK) describes the anatomy of the aortic root as a functional unit.
Aortic valve surgery present & future
T David (Toronto, Canada) considers the evolution and future of aortic valve surgery.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - overview
A Vahanian (Paris, France) gives an overview of the 2012 European valve guidelines, with emphasis on patient evaluation.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - asymptomatic AS
A Kappestein (Rotterdam, Netherlands) discusses the 2012 ESC-EACTS European guidelines for intervention in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - asymptomatic aortic regurgitation
A Vahanian (Paris, France) considers the 2012 European valve guidelines for asymptomatic aortic regurgitation.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - American perspective on AR
T David (Toronto, Canada) gives an American viewpoint on aortic valve and ascending aortic guidelines.
Aortic regurgitation assessment
J-L Vanoverschelde (Brussels, Belgium) discusses the techniques used to assess the severity of aortic regurgitation.
Aortic connective tissue disorders
T David (Toronto, Canada) outlines the connective tissue disorders which affect the ascending aorta.
Bicuspid aortic valve syndrome
M Redmond (Dublin, Ireland) discusses the bicuspid aortic valve syndrome, including underlying pathogenesis and indications for intervention.
Bicuspid aortic valve review
T Sundt (Boston, USA) discusses the timing of aortic intervention. G El Khoury (Brussels, Belgium) describes repair of a bicuspid regurgitant aortic valve, talking through a video of the David V technique. C Liopsis (London, UK) gives an update on the status of ascending aortic stenting. R Attia (London, UK)...
Aortic valve surgery risk stratification
N Howell (Birmingham, UK) discusses aspects of data analysis and the building of a new risk model for aortic valve replacement.
Aortic valve surgery procedure choice
M Redmond (Dublin, Ireland) introduces the factors influencing the choice of aortic valve repair or replacement.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - prosthesis choice
J Takkenberg (Rotterdam, Netherlands) considers valve prosthesis choice according to the 2012 ECS-EACTS European guidelines.
Aortic valve prosthesis choice
T David (Toronto, Canada) discusses choosing the optimal valve prosthesis. J Takkenberg (Rotterdam, Netherlands) looks at survival and complications from an epidemiological viewpoint. M Jahangiri (London, UK) considers the importance of valve size in prosthesis selection. A panel discussion follows.
Prosthesis size in AVR
I Radotra (Sheffield, UK) considers whether prosthetic size matters in aortic valve replacement.
Patient prosthesis mismatch
M Jahangiri (London, UK) reviews the evidence for the importance of patient prosthesis mismatch in aortic valve surgery.
Supra-annular tilted bioprosthesis
S Naik (Nottingham, UK) shares his experience of bioprosthetic aortic valve implantation in a supra-annular tilted position in order to avoid patient-prosthesis mismatch.
Mini AVR approaches
M Murzi (Massa, Italy) describes a single centre experience with minimally invasive aortic valve replacement via right anterior minithoracotomy compared with ministernotomy.
Minimally-invasive AVR is more than just cosmetic
Christopher Young of St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK reviews the evidence for minimally-invasive AVR. He argues that the advantages of this approach over full sternotomy can be seen particularly in the outcomes of high risk patients.
Mini AVR benefits
M Jahangiri (London, UK) describes her technique for mini-AVR and reviews the results.
Minimally invasive AVR is more than just cosmetic - the counter argument
John Pepper of the Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospitals, London, United Kingdom, as part of a debate, puts forward the alternate view that there is not yet the evidence for superiority of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement over a full sternotomy approach.
High volume mini AVR
G Soppa (London, UK) compares his institution's resullts with standard and mini-AVR.
Mini AVR with sutureless valves
O Dapunt (Oldenburg, Germany) describes the different types of sutureless valves available, with a video demonstration of an Enable valve insertion.
Mini-sternotomy AVR tips
C Young (London, UK) gives a detailed description of his techniques for minimal-access aortic valve replacement.
Mini AVR MiniStern trial
S Nair (Newcastle, UK) presents an update on the mini-sternotomy trial for aortic valve replacement.
Mini AVR MAVRIC trial
A Goodwin (Middlesbrough, UK) gives a detailed description of the manubrium-only approach to minimally invasive aortic valve replacement and explains the set-up of the MAVRIC trial.
Mini-AVR right anterior thoracotomy
Mattia Glauber of Instituto Clinico Sant' Amgrogio, Milan argues in favour of the right anterior mini-thoracotomy approach for the performance of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. He uses a short video to illustrate the technique of sutureless valve insertion.
Right anterior thoracotomy AVR
B Gersak (Ljubljana, Slovenia) describes his techniques for performing aortic valve replacement via a right anterior mini-thoracotomy.
Sutureless valves in high risk AVR
C Young (London, UK) and S Livesey (Southampton, UK) argue for the use of sutureless valves in high-risk aortic valve replacement.
Right mini-thoracotomy sutureless AVR
M Solinas (Massa, Italy) presents his experience with the right anterior mini-thoracotomy approach for aortic valve replacement, including a video demonstration of the sutureless technique with the Perceval prosthesis.
Transoesophageal echocardiography of aortic stenosis during CABG
H Skinner (Nottingham, UK) discusses aortic stenosis guidelines, estimation of severity, and patient-prosthesis mismatch.
Paravalvular leak transoesophageal echocardiography
J Swanevelder (Leicester, UK) examines the assessment of intra-operative paravalvular leak.
Permanent pacemaker after cardiac surgery
N Ismail (Leicester, UK) audits the need for permanent insertion after cardiac surgery in a single centre.
Aortic valve repair preoperative assessment
G El-Khoury (Brussels, Belgium) explains his approach to assessing the regurgitant aortic valve for repair.
Timing aortic valve & ascending aortic intervention
A Vahanian (Paris, France) discusses the indications for intervention in aortic regurgitation and ascending aortic dilatation, based on the 2012 ESC/EACTS valve guidelines.
Aortic valve repair techniques
M Redmond (Dublin, Ireland) describes several techniques for aortic valve repair.
Technical aspects of aortic valve sparing operations
T David (Toronto, Canada) explains the anatomy of the aortic root. He gives video demonstrations of aortic root reimplantation and remodelling and also considers the challenge of the bicuspid aortic valve.
Mild AR after aortic valve repair
H Vohra (Brussels, Belgium) talks about the effect of mild residual aortic regurgitation after aortic valve repair.
Aortic valve gradient after aortic valve repair
H Vohra (Brussels, Belgium) considers the influence of a higher valve gradient on long-term outcome after aortic valve repair.
Aortic valve & root repair durability
J Vanoverschelde (Brussels, Belgium) considers which valve and root lesions are suitable for achieving a durable repair.
ESC-EACTS valve guidelines - TAVI
P Kappestein (Rotterdam, Netherlands) discusses the 2012 European guidelines for transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
TAVI industry update
JP Herzog (Edwards), X Bertrand (Medtronic), U Lonn (St Jude) and K Leadley (JenaValve) give an overview of developments in the design of TAVI valves and delivery systems.
TAVI surgeon's role
A Borger (Leipzig, Germany) considers the role of a surgeon in transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
TAVI heart team
O Wendler (London, UK) explores the indications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation and the role of the heart team in decision-making.
Trans femoral TAVI
M Buch (Manchester, UK) looks at the trans-femoral approach to trans-catheter aortic valve implantation, with emphasis on assessment, access and possible complications.
Trans apical TAVI
M Borger (Leipzig, Germany) shows the 5 year Leipzig data for trans-apical transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
Trans aortic TAVI
V Bapat (London, UK) introduces the trans-aortic approach to trans-catheter aortic valve implantation, including a video demonstration.
Trans subclavian TAVI
M Bhabra (Wolverhampton, UK) describes the subclavian / axillary approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, with a video demonstration and case presentations.